What are Bad Breath and its Causes?

What is bad breath?

ağız kokusu nedir, ağız kokusu nedenleri nelerdir, bad breathe and its couses Medically termed halitosis, bad breath is defined as unpleasant odors emanating from a person’s mouth during breathing due to various causes.

Bad breath may not be classified as a disease but can be considered a symptom of many significant diseases.

First, it is important to distinguish between mouth odor and breath odor. Mouth odor generally results from dental and gum problems, while breath odor can be observed as a symptom of systemic issues such as lung or stomach problems.

“All breath odor is bad breath, but not all bad breath is breath odor.”

What are the causes of bad breath?

  • Gum diseases: These are conditions resulting from the inflammation of tissues surrounding the teeth and gums.
  • Tooth decay: In individuals with insufficient oral hygiene, bacteria produce acids to consume food residues accumulated on tooth surfaces, leading to bacterial damage that can result in tooth extraction if not addressed.
  • Dietary habits: Consuming foods with strong odors (garlic, onion) and not maintaining oral hygiene.
  • Dry mouth: Insufficient saliva production can lead to bad breath.
  • Addictions: Smoking and alcohol consumption.
  • Other health problems: Some health issues, such as sinusitis, tonsil infections, gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), diabetes, and kidney diseases. Bad breath can particularly be observed in cancers of the stomach, intestines, lungs, and larynx.
    What is the treatment for bad breath?
bad breathe and ists couses

It is important to identify the source of bad breath in individuals with complaints. If cavities and gum diseases are detected through oral and radiographic examinations, the problem will largely be resolved by treating cavities with composite restorations and cleaning dental plaques with scaling. To prevent recurrence, maintaining proper oral hygiene is crucial.

How does bad breath affect our lives?

We can discuss the social, psychological, and physical health effects of bad breath.

  • Social effects: In the presence of this problem, the discomfort of others during communication with family and friends negatively impacts the individual’s self-confidence and social life.
  • Psychological effects: An individual negatively affected in their social life may become fixated on these problems, leading to isolation and antisocial behavior.
  • Physical health effects: The presence of cavities, gum diseases, or other causes in the mouth affects the person’s overall health and related daily behaviors.

Patients with bad breath resulting from other illnesses should definitely consult the relevant specialists.


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