What Are Laminate Veneers, Porcelain Veneers?

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What Are Laminate Veneers, Commonly Known as Porcelain Veneers?

Laminate veneers are restorations made using a minimal invasive technique as an alternative to full ceramic crowns to enhance the appearance of anterior teeth.

In Which Cases Can They Be Applied?

  • In cases of tooth discoloration,
  • Closure of diastemas (gaps) in anterior teeth,
  • In cases of enamel hypoplasia and malformations,
  • Presence of unhealthy and aesthetically unpleasing restorations on tooth surfaces,
  • Correction of partially rotated teeth,
  • Lengthening of teeth with short clinical crown,
  • In the absence of lateral incisors,
  • In the presence of open bite,
  • In cases of midline shift.

They can be applied to endodontically treated teeth where whitening is not effective, upon patient’s request.

In Which Cases Is It Not Advisable to Apply?

  • In individuals with bruxism habits,
  • In individuals with high incidence of caries and poor oral hygiene,
  • In teeth with insufficient enamel support, excessive exposure of dentin, or extensive substance loss,
  • In cases of Class III malocclusion and edge-to-edge bite,
  • In teeth with severe crowding and rotation,
  • In individuals engaged in contact sports such as boxing, wrestling,
  • In individuals with advanced periodontal disease,
  • In deciduous teeth and in teeth with severe fluorosis, as effective acid etching cannot be performed.

What Are the Advantages?

  • Require minimal tooth preparation,
  • Color stability,
  • High resistance to abrasion compared to composites,
  • Strong bonding to enamel when acid-etched,
  • Resistance to tensile and shear forces when cemented,
  • Provide excellent aesthetics,
  • Resistant to liquid absorption,
  • Short preparation times,
  • Minimal plaque accumulation due to superior polishing ability,
  • Often do not require local anesthesia,
  • Good biological compatibility with surrounding tissues.

What Are the Disadvantages?

  • They are an expensive treatment option,
  • Difficult to repair,
  • Challenging to try-in ceramic laminates,
  • Requires experience in color selection,
  • Once the color is chosen, it cannot be changed,
  • Laboratory procedures may prolong treatment duration,
  • Good cooperation between the dentist and technician is essential.

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